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Gastric Bypass Surgery

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Gastric bypass surgery is a surgical procedure which divides the stomach into two parts. One is a small upper pouch and the other is a much larger lower “remnant” pouch. Then the Gastric bypass surgery rearranges the small intestine to connect both. Expert surgeons have developed different kinds of Gastric bypass surgery. Gastric bypass surgery reduces the actual volume of the stomach. After the surgery, the stomach will get smaller. You will feel full with less food. Gastric bypass surgery helps in losing weight by altering the way stomach and small intestine handle the food you eat. The food no longer goes into same parts of stomach and small intestine that absorb food. Thus, your body will not get all of the calories from the food you eat.

There are 2 steps involved in a gastric bypass surgery. In the first step, your stomach is made smaller by dividing your stomach into a small upper section and a larger bottom section. The food eaten by you will go to top section of your stomach Because of this you will eat less and lose weight. In the second step of the gastric bypass surgery, a small part of your small intestine is connected to a small hole in your pouch. The food you eat will now travel from the pouch into this new opening and into your small intestine. As a result, your body will absorb fewer calories. Gastric bypass is surgery can be done through open surgery or laparoscopy. In an open gastric bypass surgery large surgical cut is done to open the belly and the bypass is done by working on stomach, small intestine, and other organs. Gastric bypass surgery needs changes to be made in your lifestyle. You must eat less, manage the amount you eat and do work outs.

Gastric Bypass Surgery is recommended to people with a BMI of 40 or more or someone who is at least 100 pounds (45 kilograms) over their recommended weight. A normal BMI is between 18.5 and 25. A BMI of 35 or more and serious medical conditions like obstructive sleep apnea, type 2 diabetes and heart diseases wherein weight loss is the only solution. Gastric bypass surgery is indicated for the surgical treatment of morbid obesity , a diagnosis which is made when the patient is seriously obese, has been unable to achieve satisfactory and sustained weight loss by dietary efforts, and suffers from morbid conditions which are either life-threatening or a serious impairment to the quality of life.

It has been observed that patients undergoing Gastric Bypass Surgery have reduced mortality rates by up to 40%. However Gastric bypass surgery is a major surgery and can have associated risks. Some of these risks can be serious. It is therefore important to discuss these risks with a surgeon. Risks for anaesthesia and surgery in general include:

  • Allergic reactions to medicines
  • Breathing problems
  • Bleeding, blood clots, infection

Risks associated with gastric bypass surgery include:

  • Gastritis (inflamed stomach lining), heartburn, or stomach ulcers
  • Injury to the stomach, intestines, or other organs during surgery
  • Leaking from the line where parts of the stomach have been stapled together
  • Poor nutrition
  • Scarring inside your belly that could lead to a blockage in your bowel in the future
  • Vomiting from eating more than your stomach pouch can hold

Readiness for Gastric Bypass Surgery: It is essential to consult a doctor before considering a gastric bypass surgery to understand whether the body is fit enough to undergo a surgical procedure. One must make sure that other diseases that you may have like diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart or lung problems are under control. You may need to get blood tests, ultrasound of your gallbladder etc to ensure safe surgery. After a gastric bypass surgery, you may require a counselling session about what to eat, how much to eat and what else to do to adapt to new condition. You may know what to expect and what not after the surgery. If you smoke, you should stop several weeks before surgery and not start smoking again after surgery. Smoking slows recovery and increases the risks for problems.

After the Gastric Bypass Surgery most people stay in the hospital for 1 to 4 days. While In the hospital:

  • You will be asked to sit on the side of the bed and walk a little on the same day you have surgery.
  • You may have a (tube) catheter that goes through your nose into your stomach for 1 or 2 days. This tube helps drain fluids from your intestine.
  • You may have a catheter in your bladder to remove urine.
  • You will not be able to eat for the first 1 to 3 days of gastric bypass surgery. After that you can have liquids and then pureed or soft foods.
  • You may have a tube connected to the larger part of your stomach that was bypassed.
  • You will wear special stockings on your legs to help prevent blood clots from forming.
  • You will receive shots of medicine to prevent blood clots.
  • You will receive pain medicine. You will take pills for pain or receive pain medicine through an IV, a catheter that goes into your vein.

You will be allowed to go home after a gastric bypass surgery when:

  • You can eat liquid or pureed food without vomiting.
  • You can move around without too much pain.
  • You do not need pain medicine given by shot.

You must ensure that you follow all the instructions about self-care at home given by your doctor

Gastric bypass surgery is one amongst the four types of operations for morbid obesity. Laparoscopic surgery is equally effective and as safe as open surgery. Patients should undergo a comprehensive preoperative evaluation and have multi-disciplinary support for optimum outcome. Most people lose about 10 to 20 pounds (4.5 to 9 kilograms) a month in the first year after a gastric bypass surgery. Weight loss will decrease over time. By sticking to your diet and exercise from the beginning, you will lose more weight. You may lose one half or more of your extra weight in the first 2 years. You will lose weight quickly after a gastric bypass surgery if you are on a liquid or semi liquid diet.

If you are considering undergoing a gastric bypass surgery but not aware about whom to consult. Just call Dawaiyatra, and Dawaiyatra will help you with the best combination of doctor and hospital. To know more Call +91-7862860860 or visit http://dawaiyatra.com/

 

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